The literary expression during the age of reason in france

Manufacturers of telescopes, microscopes, barometers, air pumps and thermometers prospered during the 18th century, particularly after when the names of famous scientific experimenters became household names: Benjamin Franklin, Joseph Priestley, William Herschel and Sir Joseph Banksfor example.

enlightenment ideas

The French Revolution and the American Revolution were almost direct results of Enlightenment thinking. The product of a search for a natural—rational—religion was Deismwhich, although never an organized cult or movement, conflicted with Christianity for two centuries, especially in England and France.

enlightenment literature definition

Clearly a governance philosophy where the king was never wrong was in direct conflict with one whereby citizens by natural law had to consent to the acts and rulings of their government. Marriage meant restriction and convention while love is idealized with chivalry and adventure.

After Newton's death inpoems were composed in his honour for decades. While quite different works, Locke, Hobbes and Rousseau agreed that a social contract, in which the government's authority lies in the consent of the governed, [50] is necessary for man to live in civil society.

The system of thought known as Scholasticismculminating in the work of Thomas Aquinasresurrected reason as a tool of understanding but subordinated it to spiritual revelation and the revealed truths of Christianity.

Granted, there had been substantial gains made in nearly all walks of life thanks to the progressive ideas of the Enlightenment. Usage terms Public Domain The end of the Enlightenment?

Usage terms Public Domain These new views on religion led to increasing fears among the clergy that the Enlightenment was ungodly and thus harmful to the moral well-being of an increasingly secular society.

Age of reason literary works

The celebration of abstract reason provoked contrary spirits to begin exploring the world of sensation and emotion in the cultural movement known as Romanticism. The literatures after the Renaissance France placed less value on love. Voltaire despised democracy and said the absolute monarch must be enlightened and must act as dictated by reason and justice — in other words, be a "philosopher-king". If nothing else, people were simply tired. Who were some of the major figures of the Enlightenment? At the same time, the idea of the universe as a mechanism governed by a few simple—and discoverable—laws had a subversive effect on the concepts of a personal God and individual salvation that were central to Christianity. His attempt to construct the sciences on a secure metaphysical foundation was not as successful as his method of doubt applied in philosophic areas leading to a dualistic doctrine of mind and matter. Born into humble beginnings in England in , by the s Paine had arrived in America where he began agitating for revolution. For full treatment, see Europe, history of: The Enlightenment. His biting satires were not modulated with as much humor as Swift or Voltaire, so he drew down the thunder of many powerful figures. Some coffee houses and salons appealed to more lowbrow tastes, and these were sometimes the target of authorities. The Enlightenment produced the first modern secularized theories of psychology and ethics. Published between and in thirty-five volumes, it was compiled by Diderot, d'Alembert until and a team of scientists and philosophers. It attacked tyranny, social injustice, superstition, and ignorance.

In Les Miserablesa woman is described as "the angel spirit. An example of this can be found in Reveries of the Solitary Stroller

enlightenment philosophers
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