The impact of globalisation on supply chain management
All these realizations placed access to skilled workers and quality suppliers high on the priority list for firms competing on quality.
The factors shaping the global environment and driving the development of global operations strategies of multinational firms fall into four categories: global market forces, technological forces, global cost forces and political and macroeconomic forces.
There has been diffusion of technological knowledge and global low-cost manufacturing locations have emerged.
Opportunities and challenges of supply chain management
A state-of-the-art semiconductor factory, for instance, costs close to half a billion dollars. These trends are clearly apparent in many industries. Milosz Majta Globalization has dramatically changed how manufacturers operate, offering an opportunity to reach new customers in new markets while at the same time exposing firms to greater competition. And, those parts may require sub-assembly by other suppliers. The trade protection mechanisms which exist in the form of tariff and non-tariff barriers effect the global operation strategy; but these are readily losing importance in the new borderless trade regime. This situation occurs regularly, such that it has now become a big challenge and new source of risk to global manufacturers. Need for greater quality, faster, cheaper With new markets for customers comes new competitors. The companies needed to reroute work to other suppliers not affected by the floods.
So, what does this all mean when something goes wrong or there is a supply chain disruption? This environment forces companies, regardless of location or primary market base, to consider the rest of the world in their competitive strategy analysis.
Challenges of globalization in supply chain
Similarly, Just-in-time JIT manufacturing methods, which companies widely adopted for the management of mass production systems, emphasized the importance of frequent deliveries by nearby suppliers. I've been writing about technology and investing for more than 25 years The share of the US market for high-technology goods supplied by imports from foreign-based companies rose from a negligible 5 per cent to more than 20 percent with the last decade. In response to this diffusion of technological capability, multinational firms need to improve their ability to tap multiple sources of technology located in various countries. Read More. In an environment that has become increasingly global in nature, there are more parties involved and less information available at any point in the production process. Meanwhile, raw materials and supplier relationships must now be managed on a global scale. They then achieve high-capacity utilization of the capital-intensive facility by aggressively pursuing the global market.
In the end, a global marketplace has been both a blessing and a curse, to an extent. Your organization will have taken the time to understand what is important and how to protect it, should a crisis happen. These events are hard to manage.
There is also increased competition from low cost products from overseas markets. Companies have changed the ways in which they manage their operations and logistics activities.
Today, 3M manufacturing plants produce goods for all of Europe and, in the process, realize significant cost savings.
Supply chain management benefits and challenges
With the onset of globalization, managing supply chains has become more complex and business critical than ever before. A state-of-the-art semiconductor factory, for instance, costs close to half a billion dollars. Today, 3M manufacturing plants produce goods for all of Europe and, in the process, realize significant cost savings. Companies realized that early activities such as product design and worker training substantially impact production costs. This geographical integration has been exploited by the regional economic integration, a very good example being the European Union. A number of high-technology industries have experienced dramatic growth in the capital intensity of production facilities. This situation occurs regularly, such that it has now become a big challenge and new source of risk to global manufacturers. US firms needed to obtain first-hand knowledge of Japanese production methods and accelerated product development cycles, while the Japanese producers were seeking ways to overcome US trade barriers and gain access to the vast American auto market. In the end, a global marketplace has been both a blessing and a curse, to an extent. If you operate in more markets with more partners, the odds are you will be more likely to face one of these disruptions. The logistics department, for instance, can affect the automobile design stage by recommending modifications in order to create savings in logistics.
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