How to write a formal phonological rule

It is common to represent phonological rules using formal rewrite rules in the most general way possible. There are other rules that apply to only verbs, only nouns etc.

deletion rule in phonology

Phonological rules indicate the representation or notation of phonological processes. The sounds that form the environment are also referred 5 to as the trigger, because it is in the environment of these sounds that the rules get applied. Intuitive: The rules give speakers intuitions about what words are "well-formed" or "acceptable"; if a speaker hears a word that does not conform to the language's phonological rules, the word will sound foreign or ill-formed.

Rules can be written with just the individual sound to be changed, but using square bracket notation allows the rule to apply to a class of related sounds. The arrow represents that the sound on the left changes to have the features on the right. Oxford: Blackwell.

how to write a formal phonological rule

For example, in Turkish, high vowels in suffixes agree for [back] and [round] with the preceding vowel. It denotes the individual sense of sounds in particular phonological context. For example, if an English speaker is asked to pronounce the plural of the nonsense word "wug" i. Thus, the intervocalic alveolar flapping described above can be formalized as Format and notation[ edit ] The rule given above for intervocalic alveolar flapping describes what sound is changed, what the sound changes to, and where the change happens in other words, what the environment is that triggers the change.

Phonological rules and their structure

Mark Aronoff and Janie Rees-Miller. Through the representation of phonological rules in notation, it is easy to express different phonological processes of a language. Phonological rules indicate the representation or notation of phonological processes. Rule 4 e , for instance, nasalizes vowels before a nasal followed by another consonant or word-finally. Oxford: Blackwell. This kind of test is called the wug test. Title of the rule The underlying sound that is changed. The slash is a shorthand notation for "in the environment where A prose description of the rule, specifying when it applies and what it changes. The illustration below presents the same rule, with each of its parts labelled and described.

The location of the sound that is going to be changed. These are also referred to as a feature matrix.

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Phonological rule