History of boustrophedon writing a book
Egyptian papyrus being both cheap and plentiful, it was adopted and remained in use for over a thousand years among the people who spoke Greek and Latin. It dropped out of usage, and they forgot its name, although it had been considerably used by the old poets, in connexion with whom it is usually named digamma, because of its resemblance to a double gamma, or one gamma superimposed on another. The British Isles during the Roman period It would have been correct enough to bracket Britain along with Spain and Gaul in a preceding paragraph, but we cannot venture to claim for this country any knowledge of writing before the arrival of the Romans. Back in the day yes I am THAT old when we had books and computer screens of only 80 columns by 25 rows, I've never lost my place in a long paragraph. The Cufic writing which prevailed for three centuries as the mode of writing the Koran cannot strictly be shown to be the mother of the Naskhi which replaced it and has flourished for a thousand years. The [ 19 ]Pehlvi had been evolved from the later Aramean, and must have been in use in Persia before the time of Alexander; but the existing specimens are all subsequent to the beginning of the Christian era. Ninth Century? But there is something of unnecessary vanity in the denial. The Irish MSS. Musings about writing systems, archaeology, linguistics, and science in general.
Syriac still lived on in Western Persia and in Mongolia, and in India for a time, but only survived as a dead liturgical language. It resembles rather the charter hand of later days than the minuscule writing of books, but the letters are unconnected, and there is no trace of any attempt at neatness.
Writing in Central Asia from B.
Such as it was, however, the cursive hand would have had considerable influence in shaping the semi-uncial or minuscule writing, which must have existed before it was adopted by the Irish in the fifth century and most other barbarians in the sixth.
George Stephens claims for the oldest of the extant Norse Runes an antiquity exceeding that of our era, but a more moderate Scandinavian writer sets the earliest date at about A.
The requirements of that reading public among the Greeks, led to the disuse of skins for the purpose of writing, since only a cheaper and more plentiful material could satisfy the demand. It gave rise to the Nagari, Sarada and Siddham scripts which in turn gave rise to the most important scripts of India such as Devanagari, Bengali etc. It is indeed almost illegible, without slow and painful decipherment. The multiplication of copies of the Syriac Scriptures, between the first century after Christ and the seventh, must have been very great; that of the Greek Bible and Testament, from the first to the fourteenth century, still greater; and that of the Latin Vulgate, from the fifth to the fifteenth, enormous. It has not been deciphered yet. It differs little, except in gracefulness, from the typical Naskhi. Modern Tibetic languages also employ a form of scriptio continua; while they punctuate syllables, they do not use spacing between units of meaning. Gaul was similarly affected by the influx first of the Visigoths, then of the Franks. Two generations were enough to Hellenise them, and seventy years after Alexander's death, the Bible was introduced to the knowledge of the Greek world in an edition destined to render the old Hebrew [ 24 ]scripture intelligible to Egyptian and Syrian Jews. Their writing was chiefly upon stone monuments, and recorded the deeds of their Kings or the greatness of their Gods. It led to the development of modern Kannada and Telugu scripts. It branched off into Tamil and Malayalam scripts, which are still used to write those languages, It is also the predecessor of the Sinhala script used in Sri Lanka. The code language used in The Montmaray Journals, Kernetin, is written boustrophedonically. Diphthera, in ancient Ionic-Greek, was equivalent to book, because it meant a polished skin like parchment or leather used for writing upon before the Greeks adopted papyrus byblos, biblos from the Egyptians. The minuscules of Gaul and Western Germany, called Merowingian, were still in a formless and primitive rudeness at the time when the Irish had already attained the elegance of practised penmanship.
The books of the fourth and fifth centuries which are extant show that calligraphy was then flourishing in great splendour, so far as capitals and uncials were concerned; and the coins and inscriptions of the three preceding centuries show us Roman capitals at their best.
It has always been accepted as substantially true, even by those who knew that Cadmus in Semitic speech meant simply The Ancient, or The Eastern; and has usually been assigned to about B.
The Q was a more guttural letter than the C originally, but afterwards lost its distinctiveness of utterance. It evolved into Kashmiri and Gurmukhi now used for writing Punjabi scripts.
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