Feminism and cultural identity essay
It debases its victims into mere commodities being bought and sold to satisfy a commercial demand. Pluralist accounts of sexist oppression must also allow that there isn't an over-arching explanation of sexist oppression that applies to all its forms: in some cases it may be that women's oppression as women is due to the eroticization of male dominance, but in other cases it may be better explained by women's reproductive value in establishing kinship structures Rubinor by the shifting demands of globalization within an ethnically stratified workplace.
Most papers on feminism are supposed to indicate whether the relationships between men and women are typical for certain periods of time and the reasons why.
When contrasting male and female characters it is important to consider the historical era as represented in a novel.
Cultural feminists also tend to value qualities identified with women as superior or and preferable to qualities identified with men, whether the qualities are products of nature or culture.
Feminism in different cultures
Earlier, during the 's's, the term 'womanism' had sometimes been used for such intellectual and political commitments; more recently, Alice Walker has proposed that a newly defined "womanism" provides a contemporary alternative to "feminism" that better addresses the needs of Black women and women of color more generally Walker The Dictionary of Feminist Theory. Feminism roots to the oppression of women in different aspects of humanity. Humm, M. On one hand, the claim that someone is oppressed because she is a woman suggests that the best causal explanation of the subordination in question will make reference to her sex: e. In other words, opposing oppression in its many forms may be instrumental to, even a necessary means to, feminism, but not intrinsic to it. Furthermore because sexist institutions are also, e. Whatever its fragmentation, within those arenas where it has a relatively secure footing, feminism can be credited with effecting profound changes in the ideological construction of womanhood, not only in the US and Europe, but more globally. Hong Kong: The Macmillan P. If we just say that a form of oppression counts as sexist oppression if it harms women, or even primarily harms women, this is not enough to distinguish it from other forms of oppression. Driven by the goal to generalize her approach, Addams examined prostitutes, market vendors, corporate women and the principles of non-violence. What is the nature of the wrong that feminism seeks to address? Given the controversies over the term "feminism" and the politics of circumscribing the boundaries of a social movement, it is sometimes tempting to think that there is little point in demanding a definition of the term beyond a set of disjuncts that capture different instances. A second problematic strategy has been to consider as paradigms those who are oppressed only as women, with the thought that complex cases bringing in additional forms of oppression will obscure what is distinctive of sexist oppression.
But problems and unclarities remain. Those who argue that women are biologically or inherently more kind, caring, nurturing, and cooperative, also argue then for more inclusion of women in decision-making processes in society and in particular fields within society.
Leaving aside at least for the moment further details in the account of oppression, the question remains: What makes a particular form of oppression sexist? Those who explicitly cancel their commitment to feminism may then be happy to endorse some part of the view but are unwilling to endorse what they find to be a problematic package.
For example, one might interpret Catharine MacKinnon's work as claiming that to be oppressed as a woman is to be viewed and treated as sexually subordinate, where this claim is grounded in the alleged universal fact of the eroticization of male dominance and female submission MacKinnon ; MacKinnon
Radical cultural feminist
For example, if women are deprived an education and so are, on the whole, illiterate. One of these eras was the s. More recently, transformations of feminism in the past decade have been referred to as "Third Wave" feminism. Continuing with this intentional openness in the exact nature of the wrong, the question still remains what it means to say that women are subjected to injustice because they are women. While girls stick to the old language and are discourage from using masculine language. And some feminists have adopted this interpretation, e. Cultural feminists differ as to whether these differences are based on biology or enculturation. See Spelman , Feminism per se has several forms in various disciplines that changed the facade of women in the western hemisphere, and the entire planet. The Dictionary of Feminist Theory. Earlier, during the 's's, the term 'womanism' had sometimes been used for such intellectual and political commitments; more recently, Alice Walker has proposed that a newly defined "womanism" provides a contemporary alternative to "feminism" that better addresses the needs of Black women and women of color more generally Walker Acknowledging this does not go quite far enough, however, for monistic theorists such as MacKinnon could grant this much. COM Feminist.
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