Exegitical on exodus

God instructed Moses to announce to the Israelites that God would deliver them from oppression.

This will occur only after successive plagues and repeated warnings. The Name Ha'Shem is never pronounced by orthodox Jews, for its mere utterance makes the speaker blasphemously assert that he is God. Alternatively, parts of the canticle may have been composed in the time of Judges. The Ezraite edition would undergo another upheaval after the second destruction of Jerusalem in A. The feast of Passover in verses , by contrast, appears to have been practiced even in the year of the exodus. Second, Moses and Aaron do not ask Pharaoh to release the Israelites from bondage, but only to allow them to worship their God on a brief pilgrimage. Moreover, the substance of much of what is related could only have come from Moses, who alone would have had knowledge of his personal narrative and the divine revelations proclaimed to the Israelites under his authority. The Israelites would not depart from Egypt empty-handed, but their women would ask for articles of gold and silver and clothing from their female neighbors, thus despoiling the Egyptians. Thus we should not be surprised that Egyptian lore mentions plagues and an expulsion of the Jews, but not any parting of the Red Sea. God Himself led Israel in the form of a pillar of smoke by day, and of fire by night. Moses instructed the people to sacrifice the Pasch, and to use hyssop to sprinkle their doors with blood. This King Amenophis seeks the advice of a wise prophet also named Amenophis, son of Papis. God issued a voice from the bush, calling Moses by name. Rather than send them directly into conflict with the fierce peoples of Canaan, God would lead the Israelites into the desert, following the southern coast of the Sinai peninsula.

Main Points of Contrast: 1 The sheltering blood in Exodus was an animal. According to the earliest traditions, the author of Exodus was Moses himself, writing during the latter stages of Israel's life in the desert.

Given this respite, Pharaoh again grew proud and refused to let the Hebrews depart. Strangely, this account claims that the Semites were able to subdue Egypt by force, yet without meeting any military resistance.

By conventional chronology, the Fourteenth Dynasty lasted from tobut it may have extended further, since Manetho includes seventy-six kings in this dynasty.

Exegitical on exodus

Here they could have crossed out of Egypt into the wilderness, but instead God had the Israelites turn away to the south, emerging on the west bank of the Red Sea, at Pi-Hahiroth. Judging from the geographical references, which we will later examine in more detail, the Israelites crossed the Red Sea near the northern end of the present-day Gulf of Suez.

Consequently, there could not have been any counter-campaign driving them back.

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Course on the Pentateuch