Analysis of the ontological argument philosophy essay

In what follows, we ignore this aspect of the controversy about the Proslogion. On the other hand, it is perfectly possible to entertain the idea of a being than which no greater can be conceived—and to recognise that this idea encodes the property of real existence—without attributing real existence to a being than which no greater can be conceived, i.

anselms ontological argument essay

What this basically means is that the universe was the effect of a cause, which was God. Now if I take the subject God with all its predicates omnipotence being oneand say, God is, or There is a God, I add no new predicate to the conception of God, I merely posit or affirm the existence of the subject with all its predicates - I posit the object in relation to my conception.

Thus, by definition, if God exists as an idea in the mind but does not necessarily exist in reality, then we can imagine something that is greater than God. I will support Anselm 's argument by representing that objections to Anselm 's argument are unsuccessful.

Ontological argument for dummies

Either a god exists or one does not exist. The existence of an unlimited being is not logically impossible. I will then try to argue that existence is a perfection and that as a predicate for God, existence reveal certain true about God. It makes sense and is true to say that my future house will be a better one if it is insulated than if it is not insulated; but what could it mean to say that it will be a better house if it exists than if it does not? An argument will have a true conclusion if it is sound. However, Kant counters this argument by saying that existence could not be a predicate of anything Many philosophers have put forth their theories in order to prove the existence of God. If a being than which no greater can be conceived does not exist, then I can conceive of a being greater than a being than which no greater can be conceived—namely, a being than which no greater can be conceived that exists. The problem with this criticism is that the ontological argument can be restated without defining God. The ontological argument was introduced by Anselm of Canterbury in his book Proslogion. Maydole, R. But to the extent that existence doesn't add to the greatness of a thing, the classic version of the ontological argument fails. From 4 and 5.

We can know that God exists merely by reflecting on the concept of God. Is the reductio argument supposed to tell us something about what even the Fool believes, or ought to believe?

Now suppose, per reductio, an unlimited being exists in some other world W'.

Malcolm ontological argument

Either an unlimited being exists at world W or it doesn't exist at world W; there are no other possibilities. I will consider Don Marquis objections of the practice but ultimately side with Thomson. We could, for instance, distinguish between the properties which are encoded in an idea or concept, and the properties which are attributed in positive atomic beliefs which have that idea or concept as an ingredient. But we cannot imagine something that is greater than God for it is a contradiction to suppose that we can imagine a being greater than the greatest possible being that can be imagined. Thus, according to this reasoning, it follows that B exists. Anselm's classical argument was based on two principals and the two most involved in this is St Anselm of Canterbury as previously mentioned and Rene Descartes. Consider, for example, that, while we don't have a complete understanding whatever this means of the concept of a natural number than which none larger can be imagined, we understand it well enough to see that there does not exist such a number. Furthermore, I will present concepts of logic and define what makes an argument valid, and circular argument because they are necessary for understanding the validity of this argument. What the atheist is denying, and what the agnostic is refusing to affirm or deny, is that God exists in reality. This idea, that God is an infinite being, he reasons is innate left on our brain as his stamp or trademark much like a potter leaves on his pots. Thus, by definition, if God exists as an idea in the mind but does not necessarily exist in reality, then we can imagine something that is greater than God.

Siegwart, G. Anselm's Ontological Argument - It is important to show why the topic you are discussing is important, especially if there are other topics that could be studied in place of the one you are discussing.

More formally, the argument is this: By definition, God is a being than which none greater can be imagined. He can be the ultimate source and ideal form of goodness.

The most significant of these pieces is Millicanthe first article on ontological arguments in recent memory to appear in Mind.

modal ontological argument
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Essay on The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God