A look into the factors affecting delinquency

Furthermore, between marital status and singularity of juveniles with the type of delinquency no significant relationship was observed.

A look into the factors affecting delinquency

It has been suggested that large family size is associated with less adequate discipline and supervision of children, and that it is the parenting difficulties that account for much of the association with delinquency Farrington and Loeber, In girls, conduct disorder may be a kind of manifestation of the hopelessness, frustration, and low self-esteem that often characterizes major depression. In three quite different prospective studies from different parts of the country, childhood abuse and neglect have been found to increase a child's risk of delinquency Maxfield and Widom, ; Smith and Thornberry, ; Widom, ; Zingraff et al. Executive functions require generating and maintaining appropriate mental representations, monitoring the flow of information, and modifying problem-solving strategies in order to keep behavior directed toward the goal. Google Scholar In a longitudinal study of boys in inner-city Pittsburgh just over half the sample was black and just under half was white , the percentage of boys who self-reported serious delinquent behavior rose from 5 percent at age 6 to about 18 percent for whites and 27 percent for blacks at age 16 Loeber et al. According to three major large-scale, long-term studies: 1 developmental risks have additive negative effects on child outcomes, 2 most infants with perinatal complications develop into normally functioning children, and 3 children with long-term negative outcomes who suffered perinatal complications more often than not came from socially disadvantaged backgrounds Brennan and Mednick, ; Broman et al. Not only can we delineate somewhat distinct social, familial, psychological, and biological roots of delinquent behavior, we must then be prepared to examine the interactions of all of these factors with the others and the degree to which each aggravates or mitigates the others. In early adolescence, relationships with peers take on greater importance. Finally, community-level risk factors, including school and neighborhood attributes, are examined.

Lewis DO ed : Vulnerabilities to Delinquency. Puzzancherac M.

causes of teenage crime

Although individual, social, and community-level factors interact, each level is discussed separately for clarity. Clin Electroencephalogr —, Thus, it is likely that the increased risk of delinquency experienced among children of broken homes is related to the family conflict prior to the divorce or separation, rather than to family breakup itself Rutter et al.

Whether gender has any influence on whether or not a crime is committed is not fully understood, but there are many theories.

causes of juvenile delinquency pdf

Thus, both biology and environment influence behavior. What accounts for the increase in risk from having a young mother?

social factors leading to juvenile delinquency
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The Development of Delinquency